"According to the United Nations women make up to 50 percent of world populâtion, constitute one-third of its labour force, generate nearly two-thirds of the world's incarne but own less than one-hundredth of the world's real estate" (Quoted by Virji & Meghji,.1987:1). In Africa "70 percent of food production; 60 percent of marketing;·90 percent of brewing; 90 percent of the labour involved in securing domestic water and 80 percent of self-help projects were carried out by women". (Jiggins, .1983:3). According to a study conducted by Roelofs (1986), Zarnbian wornen play an important role in the food sector, prQviding at least 60 percent of the agricultural labour and producing both food crops as well as cash crops. In spite of this, by and large, ail this goes unrecorded in official.statistics which reflects that women' s economic contribution goes unrecognized. The 1980 population census data on economic activity reveals that only 37.5 percent of the total 1.6 million adult women (compared to 71.8 percent of the total 1.5 million adult men) are recorded as economically active i.e. employed or .seeking employment.


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July 20, 1994