Values, Risk Perceptions and Social Adaptation Mechanisms: Environmental Concern in Tigray Community
Keywords:Values, Risk Perceptions, Social Adaptation Mechanisms
This monograph, in which the literature is extended in some important ways, is the first of its kind where environmental values and risk perceptions can play significant roles for contributions of policy interventions. The environmental values system varies from individual to individual and between groups of individuals. In this regard, environmental policy measures could be improved if the widely held environmental values are acknowledged and admitted into the process of policy analysis and refection. The work captures attention to the predictive powers of specific elements of environmental values as a useful supplement to acknowledge risk perceptions (risks to environment and risks to human health) and awareness of environmental consequences. Furthermore; it is also useful to look at the variation of environmental values and indigenous adaptive mechanisms in its constituent elements in terms of gender and residence. Finally, future research should address how environmental protection measures trigger different reactions among different groups of population and the differential roles that rural and urban community seem to play when designing environmental policy interventions for the particular Ethiopian context.
Adeola, F.O., 2007, ‘Nativity and Environmental Risk Perception: An Empirical Study of Native-Born and Foreign-Born Residents of the USA’, Human Ecology Review, 14 (1).
Adger, W.N. & Brown, K., 1994, Land Use and the Causes of Global Warming, New York: John Wiley & Sons.
Agrawal, A., 1995, ‘Dismantling the Divide between Indigenous and Scientific Knowledge’, Development and Change 26 (3), pp. 413–39.
Akinsola, H.Y., 1983, Behavioural Science for Nurses, London: Churchill Livingstone. Allen, B.L., 2003, Uneasy Alchemy: Citizens and Experts in Louisiana Chemical Corridor Disputes, Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.
Allport, G.W., 1963, Pattern and Growth in Personality, London: Holt, Rinehart and Winston. Arcury, T.A., 1990, ‘Environmental Attitudes and Environmental Knowledge’,Human Organization, 49 (4), pp. 300-304.
Arcury, T.A., Scollay, S.J. & Johnson, T.P., 1987, ‘Sex Differences in Environmental Concern and Knowledge: The Case of Acid Rain’, Sex Roles, 16 (7/8), pp. 463-472. ATPS, 2013, ‘Indigenous Knowledge Practices for Climate Change Adaptation and Impact Mitigation: The Case of smallholder Farmers in Tigray, Northern Ethiopia’, ATPS Working Paper Series No. 70.
Babcock, H.M., 2009, ‘Assuming Personal Responsibility for Improving the Environment: Moving toward a New Environmental Norm’, Harvard Environmental Law Review, 33, pp. 117- 175.
Bamberg, S., Hunecke, M. & Blobaum, 2007, ‘Social Context, Personal Norms and the Use of Public Transportation: Two Field Studies’, Journal of Environmental Psychology, 27, pp. 190-203.
Barbier E.B., Burgess J.C. & Folke, C., 1995, Paradise Lost? The Ecological Economics of Biodiversity, London: Earthscan Publications Ltd.
Becker, C.D. & Ghimire, K., 2003, ‘Synergy between Traditional Ecological Knowledge and Conservation Science Supports Forest Preservation in Ecuador’, Conservation Ecology, 8(1).
Berenguer, J., Corraliza, J.A. & Martin, R., 2005, ‘Rural-Urban Differences in Environmental Concern, Attitudes, and Actions’, European Journal of Psychological Assessment, 21 (2), pp. 128-138.
Berkes, F., 2009, ‘Community Conserved Areas: Policy Issues in Historic and Contemporary Context’, Conservation Letters 2, pp. 19-24.
Blocker, J.T. & Eckberg, D.L., 1989, ‘Environmental Issues as Women’s Issues: General Concerns and Local Hazards’, Social Science Quarterly, 70, pp. 586–593.
Bord, R.J. & O’Connor, R.E., 1997, The Gender Gap in Environmental Attitudes: The Case of Perceived Vulnerability to Risk’, Social Science Quarterly, 78(4), pp. 830-840.
Breakwell, G.M., 2000, ‘Risk Communication: Factors affecting Impact’, British Medical Bulletin, pp. 110-120.
Brewer, N.T., Chapman, G.B., Gibbons, F.X., Gerrard, M., McCaul, K.D. & Weinstein, N.D., 2007, ‘Meta-analysis of the Relationship between Risk Perception and Health Behavior: The Example of Vaccination’, Health Psychology, pp. 136-145. Brewer, N.T., Weinstein, N.D., Cuite, C.L. & Herrington, J.J., 2004, Risk Perceptions and their Relation to Risk Behavior’, Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 27, pp. 125-130.
Bright, A.D. & Burtz, R.T. 2006a, ‘Creating Defensible Space in the Wildland-Urban Interface: The Influence of Values on Perceptions and Behavior’, Environmental Management, 37 (2), pp. 170-185.
Burger, J., Greenberg, M., Gochfield, M., Shukla, S., Lowrie, K. & Keren, R., 2008, ‘Factors Influencing Acquisition of Ecological and Exposure Information about Hazards and Risks from Contaminated Sites’, Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 137, pp. 413-425.
Burgman, M., 2005, Risks and Decisions for Conservation and Environmental Management, New York, Melbourne: Cambridge University Press.
Chambers R., Pacey A. & Thrupp L.A., 1989, Farmer First: Farmer Innovation and Agricultural Research, London: Intermediate Technology Publications.
Corraliza, J.A. & Berenguer, J., 2000, ‘Environmental Values, Beliefs and Actions: A Situational Approach’, Environment and Behavior, 32(6), pp. 832-848.
Covello, V.T. & Johnson, B.B., 1987, The Social and Cultural Construction of Risk: Issues, Methods, and Case Studies, in B.B. Johnson & V.T. Covello, eds, The Social and Cultural Construction of Risk, Dordrecht: D Reidel Publishing Company. Cronin, S.J., Petterson, M.J., Taylor, M.W. & Biliki, R., 2004, ‘Maximising Multi- Stakeholder Participation in Government and Community Volcanic Hazard Management Programs; A Case Study from Savo, Solomon Islands’, Natural Hazards, 33 (1), pp. 105-36.
Cvetkovich, G. & Earle, T.C., 1992, ‘Environmental Hazards and the Public’, Journal of Social Issues, 48 (4), pp. 1-20.
Davidson, D.J. & Freudenburg, W.R., 1996, ‘Gender and Environmental Risk Concerns: A Review and Analysis of Available Research’, Environment and Behavior, 28 (3), pp. 302-339.
Davidson-Hunt, I. & Berkes, F., 2003, ‘Learning as You Journey: Anishnaabe Perception of Social-Ecological Environments and Adaptive Learning, Conservation Ecology, 8(1).
De Groot, J.I.M. & Steg, L., 2007, ‘Value Orientations and Environmental Beliefs in Five Countries: Validity of an Instrument to Measure Egoistic, Altruistic and Biospheric Value Orientations’, Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 38, pp. 318-332.
De Groot, J.I.M. & Steg, L., 2008, ‘Value Orientations to Explain Environmental Attitudes and Beliefs: How to Measure Egoistic, Altruistic and Biospheric Value Orientations’, Environment and Behavior, 40(3), pp. 330-354.
De Groot, J.I.M. & Steg, L., 2009, ‘Mean or Green? Values, Morality and Environmental Significant Behavior’, Conservation Letters, 2(2), pp. 61-66.
De Groot, J.I. & Steg, L., 2010, ‘Relationships between Value Orientations, Self- Determined Motivational Types and Pro-Environmental Behavioral Intentions’, Journal of Environmental Psychology, 30(4), pp. 368-378.
Dekens J., 2007b, ‘The Lost Messengers? Local Knowledge on Disaster Preparedness in Chitral District, Pakistan’, Kathmandu: International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development.
Dekens, J., 2007a, ‘Local Knowledge for Disaster Preparedness: A Literature Review’, Kathmandu: International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development.
Denton, F., 2002, ‘Climate change vulnerability, impacts, and adaptation: Why does gender matter?’Gender & Development, 10(2), pp.10-20, DOI: 10.1080/ 13552070215903.
Derrick, C.G., Miller, J.S., & Andrews, J.M., 2008, ‘A Fish Consumption Study of Anglers in an At-Risk Community: A Community-Based Participatory Approach to Risk Reduction’, Public Health Nursing, 25, pp. 312-318.
Dietz, T., Fitzgerald, A. & Shwom, R., 2005, ‘Environmental Values’, Annual Review of Environmental Resources, 30, pp. 355-372.
Douglas, M. & Wildavsky, A., 1982, Risk and Culture: An Essay on the Selection of Technical and Environmental Dangers, Berkley: University of California Press.
Dunlap, R.E. & Jones, R., 2002, ‘Environmental Concern: Conceptual and Measurement Issues’, in Dunlap, R. & Michelson, W., eds, Handbook of Environmental Sociology,London: Greenwood Press, pp. 482-542.
Dunlap, R.E. & Van Liere, K.D., 1978, ‘The New Environmental Paradigm’ The Journal of Environmental Education, 9, pp. 10-19.
Dunlap, R., 2008, ‘The New Environmental Paradigm Scale: From Marginality to Worldwide Use’, The Journal of Environmental Education, 40(1), pp. 3-18.
Dunlap, R., Gallup, G.H. & Gallup, A.M., 1993, ‘Of Global Concern: Result of the Health of the Planet Survey’, Environment, 35(9), pp. 33-39.
Dunlap, R., Van Liere, K., Mertig, A.G., & Jones, R.E., 2000, ‘Measuring Endorsement of the New Ecological Paradigm: A Revised NEP Scale’, Journal of Social Issues, 56, pp. 425-442.
Egeru, A., 2012, ‘Role of Indigenous Knowledge in Climate Change Adaptation: A Case Study of the Teso Sub-Regiion, Eastern Uganda, Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge, 11(2), pp. 217-224.
Fazey, I., Pettorelli, N., Kenter, J., Wagatora, D. & Schuett, D., 2011, ‘Maladaptive Trajectories of Change in Makira, Solomon Islands’, Global Environmental Change, 21 (4), pp. 1275–1289.
Finucane, L., Slovic, P., Mertz, C.K., Flynn, J. & Satterfield, T.A., 2000, ‘Gender, Race, and Perceived Risk: The White Male’s Effect’, Health, Risk, and Society, 2(2), pp. 161-172.
Fischer, J., Dyball, R., Fazey, I., Gross, C., Dovers, S., Ehrlich, P. R., Brulle, R. J., Christensen, C., Borden, & 9999R. J., 2012, ‘Human Behavior and Sustainability, Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 10 (3), pp. 153-160.
Fisttitude, Intention and Behavior: Anduction to Theory and Research’, Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley.