African Academics in Germany Revitalising African Universities
Keywords:Methodological, Theoretical Reflections, Brain Drain, African Academics, Good Governance, Internationalisation, Mobility, Higher Education, Funding Opportunities, Initiatives, Challenges
African Academics in Germany: Revitalising African Universities is a thought-provoking work. It challenges African scholars to re-examine their contribution to their motherland. It invites German universities and scholarship providers to assess the relevance of the education offered towards the transformation of African higher learning institutions. The book provides a method of engaging African academics and the diaspora in the revitalisation of higher education. The book introduces a university revitalisation theory which explains the role of internationalisation in socio-economic, cultural, technological and political development.
Acemoglu, D. and Robinson, J. 2013, Why Nations Fail: The Origins of Power, Prosperity, and Poverty, New York: Crown Business.
African Union, 2018, The Revised Migration Policy Framework for Africa and Plan of Action (2018 – 2027) Addis Ababa.
Agunias D. and Newland, K. 2012, Developing a Roadmap for Engaging Diasporas in Development – A Handbook for Policymakers and Practitioners in Home and Host Countries. IOM & MPI.
Babbie, E., 2013, The Practice of Social Research, 13th ed., Wadsworth: Cengage Learning.
Bebbington, A. and Kopp, A., 1996, ‘Networking and Rural Development through Sustainable Forest Management: Frameworks for Pluralistic Approaches’. Unasylva 49 (194) 11-18.
Bell, J., 2010, Doing Your Research Project, London: McGraw Hill.
Ben-Ari, G. and Vonortas, N., 2007, ‘Risk Financing for Knowledge-based Enterprises: Mechanisms and Policy Options,’ Science & Public Policy 34 (7)475-488.
Biekart, K. and Fowler, A., 2012, ‘Civic Driven Change: An Update on the Basics’, The Hague: ISS.
Bjørgum, Ø and Sørheim, R., 2015, ‘The Funding of New Technology Firms in a Pre- Commercial Industry –The Role of Smart Capital,’ Technology Analysis and Strategic Management 27 (3) 249-266.
Bonfiglio, A., McGregor, E. and Siegel, M., 2015, Diaspora Engagement in Development: An Analysis of the Engagement of the Kenyan Diaspora in Germany and the Potential for Co-operation. UNU-MERIT.
British Council and DAAD, 2014, Exploring the Impacts of Transnational Education on Host Countries: A Pilot Study ‘Going Global 2014’.
Bryman, A., 2012, Social Research Methods, 4th ed. London: Oxford Press.
Burkey, S., 1993, People First: A Guide to Self-reliant, Participatory Rural Development, London and New Jersey: ZED Books.
Chambers, R., 2012, Provocations for Development, Warwickshire: Practical Action Publishing.
Commission for Africa, 2005, ‘Our Common Interest’, London: CFA.
Creswell, J. and Clark, P., 2006, Designing and Conduction Mixed Methods Research, Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Dinbabo, M., 2014. ‘Contractual Relationships between Indigenous CBOs and the Community: Empirical Evidence from Ethiopia’, The Journal of Social Sciences, Vol. 38, No. 3, pp 231-240.
Dodani, S. and LaPorte, R., 2005, ‘Brain Drain from Developing Countries: How can Brain Drain be Converted into Wisdom Gain?’, Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine, Vol. 98, No. 11, pp. 487–491.
Draft Declaration and Action Plan of the 1st African Higher Education Summit on Revitalising Higher Education for Africa’s Future, 2016, How to Mobilise African Academic Diaspora. Dakar, Senegal, October.
Esman, M. and Uphoff, N., 1988, Local Organizations: Intermediaries in Rural Development, Ithaca and London: Cornell University Press.
Etikan, I, Musa, S. and Alkassim, R., 2015 ‘Comparison of Convenience Sampling and Purposive Sampling’, American Journal of Theoretical and Applied Statistics 2016, Vol. 5, No. 1 pp. 1-4.
Falk, R., 1993, The Making of Global Citizenship. In Brecher J., Brown Childs, J. and Cutler J.
eds, 1993, Global Vision: Beyond the New World Order, Boston, MA: South End Press, pp. 39-50.
Federal Ministry of Education and Research, 2016, http://internationales- buero.de/ en/4453.php.
Feilzer, M., 2010, ‘Doing Mixed Methods Research Pragmatically: Implications for the Rediscovery of Pragmatism as a Research Paradigm’. Journal of Mixed Methods Research, Vol. 4, No.1, pp. 6-16.
Ferede, M., 2013, Engaging the Diaspora: Potential for sub-Saharan African Universities, Policy Brief: Programme on Innovation, Higher Education and Research for Develop- ment IHERD; OECD and SIDA.
Foulds, K. and Zeleza T., 2014, ‘The Academic Diaspora and African Higher Education’, International Higher Education No. 76, Summer, 16-17.
Freudenberg, S. Mkony, C; Wilhelm, T. and Post, S., 2004, ‘The Role of Inter-Institutional Cooperation in Surgical Training and Practice: A German-Tanzanian Model. The Mannheim – Dar es Salaam Surgical Exchange Program’, East and Central African Journal of Surgery, Vol. 9, No. 2, pp. 5-8.
Glaser, B. and Strauss, A., 1967. The Discovery of Grounded Theory: Strategies for Qualitative Research. New York: Aldine.
Green, D., 2012, From Poverty to Power: How Active Citizens and Effective States can Change the World, Oxford: Practical Action Publishing & Oxfam.
Hyden, G., 1995, ‘Bringing Voluntarism Back In: Eastern Africa in Comparative Perspective’ in Semboja, J. and Therkildsen, O., eds, 1995, Service Provision under Stress in East Africa:, Copenhagen: Centre for Development Research.
IMF, 2016, World Economic Outlook: World Economic and Financial Surveys. Washington, October.
International Organisation for Migration, 2012, Diaspora Engagement Projects in the Health Sector in Africa. IOM Department of Migration Management – Migration Health Division at Retrived www.iom.int – email@example.com. on 4 September 2018. Johnson, R. and Onwuegbuzie, 2004, ‘Mixed Methods Research: A Research Paradigm Whose
Time has Come’, Educational Researcher, Vol 33 No. 7 October, 14-26.
Juma, C., 2016, ‘Education, Research, and Innovation in Africa: Forging Strategic Linkages for Economic Transformation’, Discussion Paper 2016-01/ February. Belfer Centre for Science and International Affairs: Harvard Kennedy School.
KAAD, 2015, Annual Report. Bonn: Koellen Druck+Verlag.
Kayrooz, C. and Trevitt, C., 2006, Research in Organisations and Communities: Tales from the Real World, New South Wales: Allen & Unwin.
King, C. and Cruickshank, M., 2012. ‘Building Capacity to Engage: Community Engagement or Government Engagement’, Community Development Journal, Vol. 47, No. 1, pp. 5-28.
Kuhn, M., ed., 2011, Facing Africa´s Future in a Global Era: The Power of Higher Education and Research, Bonn: KAAD; Alexander-von-Humboldt Stiftung.
Konde, V., 2004, ‘Internet Development in Zambia: A Triple Helix of Government- University-Partners’, International Journal of Technology Management, Vol. 50, No. 5, pp. 440-449.
Laws, S., Harper, C. and Marcus, R., 2003, Research for Development: A Practical Guide, London: Sage Publications.
Leadbeater, C., 1997, The Rise of the Social entrepreneur (No 25), London: Demos. Lee, Y. and Tee, Y., 2009,‘Reprising the Role of the Developmental State in Cluster Development: The Biomedical Industry in Singapore’. Singapore Journal of Tropical Geography, Vol. 30, No.1, pp. 86-97.
Lema, E., Omari, I. and Rajani, R., eds, 2006, Nyerere on Education/ Nyerere kuhusu Elimu Volume II. Dar es Salaam: Mwalimu Nyerere Foundation.
Mazrui, A., 1995, ‘Self-Colonisation and the Search for Pax Africana: A Rejoinder’ CODESRIA Buletin 2, pp 20-22.
Mazrui, A., 1967, ‘Tanzaphilia: A Diagnosis’. Transition 27 (13-39).
McGregor, K., 2015, ‘Plan to Engage 10,000 Diaspora Scholars in African HE’, University World News, 13 March, Issue No. 358.
Meeth, L., 1966, ‘Breaking Racial Barriers Part 1: Inter-racial Student Exchange Programs’, Journal of Higher Education, Vol. 37, No. 3, pp. 137-143.
Mohamoud, A., 2003, ‘African Diaspora and Africans Development’: Research Report by Sahan Consultancy, AfroNeth. Retrieved from http://www.diaspora-centre.org/DOCS/diaspora_development.pdf. 23.4.2018.
Mo Ibrahim Foundation, 2012, Ibrahim Index of African Governance: Summary Report: IIAG.
Muchie, M., and Baskaran, eds, 2012, Challenges of African Transformation: Exploring through Innovation Approach. Pretoria: Africa Institute of South Africa.
Mufuruki A. A., Mawji R., Kasiga G., Marwa, M., 2017, Tanzania’s Industrialisation Journey, 2016-2056: from an Agrarian to a Modern Industrialized State in Forty Years, Nairobi: Moran (E.A.) Publishers Limited.
Mutalemwa, G., 2018, ‘African Academic Diaspora and the Revitalisation of African Universities’, Journal of Sociology and Development, Vol. 2, No.1, pp. 150-174.
Mutalemwa, G., 2015, People’s Organisations in Tanzania: Strengths, Challenges and Implications for Development, Vechta: University of Vechta.
Nyerere, J., 1969, The Intellectual Needs Society. Speech at the University of Liberia, Monrovia, 29 February 1969. Nyerere, J.K., 1974, Man and Development, Oxford University Press Dar es Salaam.
Nyerere, J.K., 1974, The Intellectual Needs Society: An Address to the University of Liberia, 29th February. Nyerere, J.K., 1974, Man and Development. Dar es Salaam: Oxford University Press.
Oanda, O.I., 2009, ‘Internationalisation vs Regionalisation of Higher Education in East Africa and the Challenges of Quality Assurance and Knowledge Production’, Higher Education Policy 22 (3) 331-347 Palgrave MacMillan.
OECD Partnership for Democratic Governance (PDG), 2010, The Contribution of Diaspora Return to Post-Conflict and Fragile Countries: Key Findings and Recommendations, OECD Publication.
Oezden, C. and Schiff, M., 2007, International Migration, Economic Development and Policy. Washington D.C.: World Bank Publisher.
Olson, M., 1971, The Logic of Collective Action: Public Goods and the Theory of Groups, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Othman, H., 2000, Reflections on Leadership in Africa: Forty Years After Independence, Brussels: VUB University Press.
Pires, M, Kassimir, R. and Brhane, M., 1999, Investing in Return: Rates of Return of African Ph.D.s
Trained in North America, New York: Social Science Research Council. Power, S.; Allouch, A.; Brown, P., 2016, ‘Giving Something Back? Sentiments of Privilege and Social Responsibility among Elite Graduates from Britain and France’, International Sociology 31 (3) 305-323.
Reich, R., 1992, The Work of Nations: Preparing Ourselves for 21st York: Vintage. Century Capitals, New Rodney, W., 1972, How Europe Underdeveloped Africa, Washington: Howard University Press. Rostow, W., 1960, The Stages of Economic Growth: A Non-Communist Manifesto, New York: Cambridge University Press.
Rugumamu, S., 1997, Lethal Aid: The Illusion of Socialism and Self-reliance in Tanzania, Trenton NJ: Africa World Press.
Satterthwaite, D., 2004, ‘The Under-estimation of Urban Poverty in Low and Middle Income Nations’.
Human Settlements Working Paper Series Poverty Reduction in Urban Areas, No. 14, London: IIED.
Servaes, J. 1999, Communication for Development: One World, Multiple Cultures, Cresskill, NJ: Hampton Press.
Schlenzka, N., 2009, The Ethiopian Diaspora in Germany: Its Contribution to Development in Ethiopia, Frankfurt: GTZ.
Schmelz, A., 2009, The Ghanaian Diaspora in Germany: Its Contribution to Development in Ghana. Eschborn: GIZ.
Schmelz, A., 2008, The Cameroonian Diaspora in Germany: Its contribution to development in Cameroon, Eschborn: GIZ.
Shayo, R., 2014, Prospects and Challenges of International Academic Exchange Programmes between Universities in Northern and Southern Countries: Reflections from a Visiting Scholar from an African University, Ottawa: Nokoko.
Shivji, I., 2007, Silences in NGO Discourse: The Role and Future of NGOs in Africa, Oxford: Fahamu.
SOFRECO, 2013, Final Report: Study on the Contribution of the Alumni and Diaspora to the Joint Africa-EU Strategy, SOFRECO.
Steenkamp, P. and Wright, J., 2008, Memorandum: Student Support Leadership Initiative, Toronto: ON: Ontario Ministries of Education and Children and Youth Services.
Strauss, A. and Corbin, J., 1998, Basics of Qualitative Research: Techniques and Procedures for Developing Grounded Theory, London: Sage.
Strauss, A. and Corbin, J., 2008, Basics of Qualitative Research: Techniques and Procedures for Developing Grounded Theory, London: Sage.
Weiss, T., ed., 2009, Migration for Development in the Horn of Africa: Health Expertise from the Somalia Diaspora in Finland, IOM.
White, G., 2004, ‘Civil Society, Democratisation and Development: Clearing the Analytical Ground’, Democratisation, 1 (3) 378-389.
White, R., 2004, Is ‘Empowerment’ the Answer? Current Theory and Research on Development Communication. Gazette: The International Journal for Communication Studies, Vol. 66, No. 1, pp. 7-24.
White, R., 2008, ‘Ten Major Lines of Research on Grassroots, Participatory Communication’, African Communication Research, Vol.1, No. 1: 11-45.
World Health Organisation, WHO, (2010) Global Code of Practice on the International Recruitment of Health Personnel, Sixty-third World Health Assembly-WHA 63.16 May. Zeleza, T., 2004, The African Academic Diaspora in the United States and Africa: The Challenges of Productive Engagement in Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and
the Middle East, Vol. 24, No. 1, pp. 261-275.
https://cameroonpostline.com/lackofinformationisabigprobleminafrica/ Interview with Joy Alemazung was done by Marine Perron, Coordinator of the GPSA Knowledge Platform, at Funder, Centre for Analysis and Research, in December 2015.
https://www12.statcan.gc.ca/census-recensement/2011/dp-pd/prof/details/page.cfm?Lan g=E&Geo1=CSD&Code1 =3520005
https://www.daad.de/deutschland/stipendium/datenbank/en/21148-scholarship-database/?detail=10000142 https://www african-excellence.de https://www.african-excellence.de