African Women and Girls in a Shrinking Civic Space


Magdalene Madibela


CODESRIA, Dakar, 2021, ISBN: 978-2-38234-062-2

The civic space has always been shrunk historically for women and other marginalised groups. However, it became even more pronounced after the events of 9/11 in the United States of America, the rise of religious fundamentalism, extreme political intolerance and the growth of the internet among others. These gave rise to stringent legal and administrative measures that further curtailed freedoms of assembly, association and expression. Although women form part of civil society, they are affected differently from the broader civil society and from male human rights activists. Women and girls are affected by patriarchal and traditional values and norms. Women are not given equal access and opportunities in the economy. They are further violently treated, sexually harassed and delegitimised. Their reputations are questioned when they take part in civic spaces. Today, cyberspace offers alternative ways through which women challenge political and traditional systems. The need to invest in technology, innovative financing, and building women’s solidarity through women-only spaces; recognising women’s work and strengthening their movements is more urgent now than ever before.


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Author Biographies

Bhekinkosi Moyo

is based at the Wits Business School where he serves on the faculty and directs the Centre on African Philanthropy and Social Investment, Johannesburg, South Africa.

Magdalene Madibela

is an Independent Gender expert, Pan Africanist and Blogger.



December 17, 2021